Decorative pumpkin is one of the most unpretentious plants, due to which it has become quite widespread in our country and abroad. Such pumpkin varieties were bred solely for the purpose of decorating the garden plot, and in the process of selection, the standard taste characteristics were not taken into account, therefore, these species are not used for food purposes.
Growing a decorative pumpkin from seeds is no more difficult than cultivating traditional table and feed varieties:
- seed germination rates should be checked by trial soaking or sowing;
- unprocessed seeds from producers, as well as self-collected seed material should be subjected to mandatory disinfection in a solution of potassium permanganate;
- a good result is the soaking of seeds in any growth stimulator or a solution based on ordinary wood ash;
- direct sowing is carried out exclusively by germinated seeds, so the seed should be soaked on a damp cloth.
For sowing and cultivating a decorative culture, it is necessary to divert well-lit and sun-heated areas with fertile soil. You can not grow climbing pumpkin in areas with a high occurrence of groundwater, as well as after harvesting melons. The landing site should be prepared in advance by deep digging, removing weeds and improving soil characteristics with humus and wood ash. Should be considered, that sowing seeds in open ground can only be carried out after warming up the ground. In the middle zone of our country, it is recommended to sow no earlier than the last decade of May, and in the southern regions sowing of seeds can be done already in April.
How to grow a decorative pumpkin
The main types
If until recently, the choice of decorative types of pumpkin was very limited, nowadays gardeners and gardeners have something to please themselves. There are several types of decorative vegetable crops that can decorate even the most unusual landscape. Popular are not only varietal mixtures, such as "Comfort Decor", "Artist" and "Souvenir", but also individual varieties of decorative pumpkins.
|View||Feature and Features||Names of popular varieties|
|Pear-shaped||Pear-shaped fruits, with a relatively dense surface, which can be either monophonic or two-color||Kleine Bicolor and Kleine Birne Bicolor|
|Tangerine||A plant with very small rounded fruits of a very characteristic and saturated orange color||"Orange"|
|Star||The fruits are characterized by an external similarity to starfish and can be either monophonic or multicolor.||Cronen|
|Warty||Fruits have a pear-shaped or rounded shape and differ in surface covered with many tubercles of yellow, white, fiery orange or green||Warty "Assorted"|
|Wimpy||The fruits have a smooth skin that can successfully combine a bright orange or greenish-marble stain.||"Turkish Turban"|
|Leafy||The plant is characterized by very decorative lobed leaves and variegated staining with green-white, striped or speckled fruits||"In memory of Tarakanov"|
|Lagenaria||An annual creeping vine with a characteristic faceted look, pubescent stems, whose length reaches 15 m, and the leaves have a corrugated pentagon||“Flask”, “Pitcher”, “Interception”, “Bottles”, “Speckled goose”, “Mace” and “Dinosaur”|
|Beninase hairy||Young fruits have a strong pubescence, and their surface acquires a strong wax coating as it ripens||Akulina, Early Beijing, Beijing Tong-Ngua-i-Chuar-Ling, and Black-skinned Tong-gua|
Annual curly decorative pumpkins deservedly belong to the category of the most unpretentious plants, so they are often grown even by beginner gardeners and gardeners. EThe only drawback of most decorative species is the almost complete absence of frost resistance. This feature involves the use of seedling cultivation method.
It should also be remembered that for decorative pumpkin varieties, insufficient soil moisture and cultivation on too poor soils can be detrimental. For cultivation of such types of pumpkin, it is recommended to allocate areas represented by loose, well-drained soils with high rates of humus content. It is desirable that the soil has a neutral reaction.
Full-fledged care of the ornamental plant involves mandatory daily irrigation activities and fertilizing every two weeks. Organic top dressing involves the use of mullein solutiondiluted with water in a proportion of 1:10 or a solution of bird droppings diluted with water in a ratio of 1:20. As mineral fertilizers, it is recommended to add a solution based on 30 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of potassium sulfate and 50 g of superphosphate.
Decorative pumpkin needs a fairly plentiful irrigation measures, which should be carried out at the rate of three buckets of water for each square meter of plantings. At the stage of mass flowering of the plant and the formation of ovaries, the frequency of irrigation should be increased. Irrigation must be carried out exclusively with warm and settled water, the temperature of which should not be lower than 20-21 ° C. The use of cold water for irrigation often becomes the main cause of rotting of roots and the death of decorative culture.
To protect the aerial part of the plant from damage by slugs, it is recommended to process with a mixture of slaked lime and wood ash. For prophylactic purposes, the leaves and stems of the plant should be sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid. If there is too much thickening of the planting of the curly pumpkin, it is recommended to remove once a few lateral shoots, which will improve the lighting of decorative culture and give it a more attractive and finished appearance.
Use in landscape and design
A curly pumpkin looks perfect on a vertical support, which can be a netting or a south wall. Quite often, decorative pumpkins are used to decorate a gazebo, pergola or arch. Decorative pumpkin growth is very activetherefore, by mid-summer the plant is already quite tall and dense.
In addition to climbing, or climbing species, there are also bush decorative pumpkins that are grown in a personal plot almost in the same way as the zucchini popular in our country. Such varieties and species most often serve as decoration for flower beds and flower beds, and are also used in the design of borders and garden paths.
Such species acquire maximum decorativeness in the last summer month, when large bright yellow flowers and elegant small fruitlets stand out against the background of a continuous green screen with bright accents.
Fruits of ornamental species should be collected even before the onset of sharply negative temperatures, after which they are dried at room temperature.
Pumpkin: variety selection
Dried fruits of almost any kind of decorative pumpkin can be used for crafts such as salt shakers, snuffboxes and vases, and are also widely used in the design of phyto-compositions. Thanks to its rich variety and species diversity, curly pumpkin can become a very successful alternative to any decorative garden vine.