Miniature varieties of roses are one of the most commonly used types of this decorative culture, which are widely used for landscaping, garden compositions, garden flower gardens and rose gardens, and are also very popular among amateur gardeners, both in our country and abroad.
A miniature rose was first imported into Europe from China more than two hundred years ago. However, the founder of this culture is considered to be Rosa Rouletti. Currently, the efforts of well-known foreign breeders have produced varieties characterized by a wide variety of forms. Flowering is observed on the shoots of both the previous and current years.
Border miniature roses are small in size, and differ in the formation of terry petals of a complex cut and unusual shape. Such plants survive the harsh winter season quite easily., which is due to the low growth of a miniature garden rose and the ability to completely hide behind the snow mass. Such species can be planted in ordinary flower pots, and growing at home is not particularly difficult.
The foliage of varieties of miniature roses is located on shortened petioles, of a complex form, unpaired. The number of leaf blades may vary, depending on the variety, within five to nine pieces. Foliage may have different shades. On young plants, foliage has a dark red color. In adult rose bushes, the foliage has a saturated green color.
The size of the buds in most cases depends on varietal characteristics, and their diameter varies between 1-14 cm. Flowers are located singly or collected in inflorescences. The shape of the petals is also different. The minimum number of petals is about four, and the maximum number does not exceed four dozen. Among miniature roses there are varieties with yellow, pink, red, white, bluish or black flowers.
Features of growing miniature roses
Characteristics of the best varieties
Miniature garden and indoor roses are very highly appreciated by flower growers due to the abundant flowering and beautiful shape of the bush, which is abundantly covered with elegant and attractive foliage. Besides, gardeners have a great opportunity to choose the most suitable variety for landscape design and interior design.
|"Angel Wings"||Small, with thin and flexible branches and numerous inflorescences||Pink or pale pink staining, not terry or semi-terry type|
|"Baby Crimson"||Winter-hardy, compact, spherical, with dark green shiny foliage||Weakly fragrant, collected in inflorescences, lilac staining, not large|
|"Cafe Ole"||Relatively tall, large, disease resistant, chemically sensitive foliage||Large, fragrant, cold beige or gray with a bluish-lilac hue|
|"Bigoudi"||Neat, fairly good leafy glossy classic foliage||Unusual striped yellow-red coloration, large, terry|
|"Charmant"||Branched, compact, with shallow, dark green, shiny foliage||With a sweet aroma, pink, with a white central part and a white back of the petals, densely doubled, collected in a brush|
|"Dorola"||With light green foliage, stunted and erect||Bright yellow staining, fading to a lemon and cream color, terry, slightly cupped, with golden stamens in the central part|
|"Pepita"||Compact, quite branched, with good leafiness||Thick, weather-resistant, bright pink stained in brushes|
|"Zoic"||Relatively winter-hardy, compact, with medium green foliage||Dark red, semi-terry type, with beautiful yellow stamens|
|"Top Hit"||Low, compact, with dark green foliage that is resistant to disease, and with a reddish young growth||Neat in shape, terry type, bright orange-red color|
|"Mini Boka"||Pink variety with developed bush, well leafy with medium green, glossy leaves||Pale pink, almost white, deep-cupped in shape, with a light pleasant aroma|
|"Pink Morsdag"||Almost spherical, compact, with long and narrow, light green leaves||Pink staining, buttercup-shaped, collected in attractive inflorescences|
|"Red Bells"||With thin, branched, pruning shoots and fine shiny foliage||Small sizes, terry, dark red staining with a black expressive shade|
|"White Meillandina"||Compact, with small, light green leaves||White, semi-double type, relatively medium in size, without aroma|
The varieties of their Bells series are rightfully considered the most popular in garden staining, which have similar main characteristics, represented by small shiny leaves located on arcuate curved shoots and attractive flowers of different colors. Such varieties of miniature roses grow beautifully in partial shade and are undemanding to the soil composition.
Bells Series it is widely used as a groundcover, well suited for decorating large areas of empty areas, due to the ability of the plant to form, in a short time, a continuous carpet. The plant is perfectly adapted for growing in sunny areas and in partial shade, and also requires virtually no pruning.
The variety "Baby Gold Star" is also popular with domestic gardeners. This first miniature rose with yellow flowers was obtained in Spain, Pedro Dot, more than seventy years ago, and has since been considered a wonderful decoration of landscape design in any direction.
How to plant miniature roses
Planting unpretentious and fairly stable miniature roses should be carried out in accordance with the following recommendations:
- landing area should be well protected from gusty winds;
- the place for planting and growing should be warm enough and illuminated by the sun;
- best for cultivating a miniature rose in a home garden floriculture suitable loamy soils with good moisture-holding characteristics;
- the most difficult decorative culture tolerates damp, therefore, it requires high-quality drainage of the soil;
- when planting pink seedlings in a permanent place, the plant needs to be deepened by about three to four centimeters;
- the standard optimum distance between the plants to be planted should not be less than 20-25 cm, since a denser planting causes premature discharge of foliage.
It is recommended to plant all varieties of miniature roses exclusively in the spring, which will allow the root system of the plant to take root well and develop for the winter period.
Caring for miniature garden roses is not too complicated even for beginner gardeners and consists in the timely and proper implementation of the following measures:
- in the summer, the plant needs irrigation with warm water strictly under the root;
- throughout the summer, the decorative culture should be fed three times, using successively nitrogen-containing and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers;
- at the budding phase, it is recommended to fertilize with full mineral fertilizers;
- soil in near stem circles should be maintained in a loose state, which will prevent the formation of soil crust, and also improve access of water and air to the root system of the plant;
- in the soil and climatic conditions of the middle zone of our country, mini-roses are recommended to be covered for the winter period with the onset of stable cold with spruce branches, followed by the installation of the frame and pulling the covering material.
How to prune miniature roses
In the early spring, the rose bushes need to be ventilated by opening a frame shelter. Propagate mini roses preferably by cuttings. The small size of the bushes allows you to grow miniature roses in rock gardens, with a border design, and in standard form the plant is widely used to create hedges.