In different countries, the handsome chlorophytum is also known as the "green lily", "bridal veil", "spider", "flying Dutch" and "coronet viviparous." The undeniable benefits of chlorophytum for the home are due to its botanical features.
Botanical features of the indoor flower (photo)
Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum) - a representative of the genus of herbaceous perennials. To date, scientists could not come to a consensus, to which family this genus belongs: according to the Royal Botanic Gardens - to asparagus, and according to the GRIN website - to agave.
The ornamental plant has a drooping stem and long linear leaves, collected in bunches of a basal type. The flowers are small, white, gathered in a loose panicle. Chlorophytum also has arched stems on which leafy rosettes with aerial roots are formed after flowering. Well-developed specimens have numerous drooping stems with pronounced rosettes.
Due to the cascade form, chlorophytum is a lush and very attractive flower resembling a fountain. The unpretentiousness of chlorophytum and its tolerance to many errors in care and growing technology make it one of the most common plants in indoor floriculture.
In a room culture, several types of chlorophytum are grown: with narrow and wide linear leaves, monophonic or striped in color. The most popular in our country are variegated and compact flower varieties. In addition to external attractiveness, indoor ornamental plant has useful properties, most of which are due to the filtering ability of its leaves.
Chlorophytum: what are the benefits and harms of plants for the home
Chlorophytum has no equal in the purification of air from bacterial and pathogenic blockages, harmful impurities and toxic substances. An adult plant can significantly improve the quality of oxygen in the room. All the possibilities of chlorophytum have not been sufficiently studied yet, but according to already known data, the plant is able to absorb carbon monoxide, acetone, ammonia, benzene, nitrogen and formaldehyde, as well as to release useful substances - volatile. In a short time, about 78-80% of pathogenic microflora around the plant is neutralized.
Growing chlorophytum is especially advisable in rooms where people with various pulmonary, catarrhal and allergic diseases are located. The cleansing and moisturizing effect can be increased several times by adding several tablets of activated carbon to the flower pot. Placing several plants in a room at once may well replace the purchase of expensive air purifiers and humidifiers.
Often, chlorophytum is also grown to destroy mold in the room, as well as to neutralize radiation from microwave ovens, computers, televisions and other household appliances. The leaves of the flower are able to absorb nitric oxide, which makes it indispensable in children's rooms, workrooms and kitchen areas. Four adult plants can easily cope with air purification in a room with an area of 10-12 square meters. m It should be remembered that only fully healthy plants grown in good light and proper care have maximum efficiency.
Signs and superstitions
The signs and superstitions associated with indoor flowers are diverse, but they all somehow relate to family happiness, health and well-being.
It is believed, for example, that houses in which indoor plants die or wilt are filled with negative energy. However, there is a quite logical explanation for this: insufficiently competent care for indoor crops.
Unpretentious chlorophytum grows well in any premises and, according to popular beliefs, brings happiness and peace to its owners.
Tips & Tricks
When growing any kind of chlorophytum, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- the optimum temperature regime for the flower should be stable, without sharp jumps, at the level of + 18 ... +20 ° C;
- it is best to place a houseplant on the western and eastern windows and protect the flower from direct sunlight by tulle or a special screen;
- variegated forms must be provided with sufficient lighting, otherwise they may lose their decorative appeal;
- in the summer, the plant needs frequent heavy watering; with the onset of cool weather they should be reduced;
- it is advisable to carry out systematic spraying of the aerial part of the flower, especially at elevated temperatures or excessive dry air in the room;
- in the spring-summer period, it is necessary to feed chlorophytum liquid fertilizers several times a month;
- young plants should be replanted every year, in February or March, and adults - once every 2-3 years;
- almost all types of chlorophytum can be propagated by dividing an adult bush, as well as rooting aerial offspring.
Care and cultivation of chlorophytum
With proper care and compliance with the cultivation technology, chlorophytum can become a real green doctor. Due to its decorative appearance, the plant is widely used in landscaping any type of room, in improving their vertical structure, as well as for masking composite voids and decorating tall pieces of furniture.