Bloodroot, or Kuril tea, is a plant that belongs to the species Pentaphylloides fruticosa (Potentilla floribunda, Dasiphora fruticosa). Previously, the five-leaf was used by merchants from the Far East. They mixed it in tea. Now the plant is actively used for medicinal purposes and as a decorative one.
The Kuril tea got its name due to the fact that before it was used up to the Kuril Islands. In nature, the plant can be seen in the meadows, on the banks of lakes and rivers. The leaves of the bush resemble a palm with 5 or 7 fingers. Their surface is soft, fleecy. The branches of annual growths of the plant are pubescent, and the old branches have a reddish tint.
The shape of the bush is spherical, the crown is thick, the diameter is more than a meter. The most beautiful Kuril tea during flowering is from June to September. It has impressive flowers - up to 3 cm in diameter, whose petals are shiny, bright yellow.
The main types of plants
Shrubby cinquefoil has a lot of species - there are over half a thousand of them. All varieties bloom for a long time and abundantly, for which gardeners love them. Therefore, they are often found in hedges and borders.
The main types of cinquefoil are presented in the table.
|View name||Key Features||Scope of application||The main representatives of the species|
|Cinquefoil snow-white (Potentilla alba)||Grows on rocky slopes, perennial, three-leaved basal leaves, white pubescent from below, large flowers, located on long legs||For landscaping, alpine slides||Abbotswood - a variety with flowers of a snow-white color, flowering - from June to October|
|The cinquefoil is wattled (R. flagellaris)||Groundcover with thin stems up to half a meter long, palmate leaves, purple in autumn. Axillary flowers, up to one and a half cm, flowering - about 20 days||To close large slopes||Gold Teppich is a low shrub with creeping shoots. Long flowering|
|Hybrid cinquefoil (P.xhybrida hort.)||The species is represented by hybrid and garden varieties.||Like an ornamental plant||Yellow Queen - a 30-centimeter plant with yellow flowers; Master Floris - flowers with a 4-centimeter diameter, yellowish color|
|Nepalese cinquefoil (R. nepalensis)||The birthplace of plants is Nepal. The height of the bushes reaches 0.5 m, the leaves are green, there are many buds, the flowers are large, some varieties can be originally painted||Group landings||Roxana - salmon flowers with dark veins; Miss Wilmont - cherry flowers, long flowering|
|Bloodroot Dark Blood Red (P. atrosanguinea)||Homeland - Nepal. Plant height - up to 0.7 m, green leaves, collected in rosettes, velvety flowers, diameter - up to 3 cm||In groups on a slope and on rocky slides||Gibson's Scarlet - a beautiful variety with bright red flowers, perennial|
|Strawberry cinquefoil (P. fragi-formis)||Far Eastern plants that prefer to grow on pebbles. Varieties can grow and form a pillow, veins on the leaves are clearly noticeable, white flowers, the middle is yellowish||In low flower hedges, borders||Snowbird - a variety resembling strawberries in appearance|
|Bloodroot erect, Siberian (Potentilla erecta)||Herb, flowers have 4 petals||Actively used in medicine||Kalgan - unpretentious to growing, actively growing without human intervention|
All types of cinquefoil include many varieties. There are a lot of them, so we will consider the most famous of them.
|Scope of application||Growing requirements|
|Golden Dwarf||Bush with a wide crown, height reaches 0.7 m, shoots are pinkish in color, leaves are small, flowers are medium||In the foreground of flower beds||Sun, partial shade, moist and fertile soil|
|Dart's Golddigger||The bush is up to 50 cm high, the diameter of the crown is 1 m;||As a tapeworm on a green lawn||Good light, moderate humidity|
|Jacman||Tall bush, crown diameter - up to 1.5 m, yellow flowers, early flowering||To create borders and landscaping||Prefers light drained soil, requires heavy watering|
|Goldteppich (Goldteppich)||Hybrid, bush low and dense, height - up to 0.7 m, green leaves, flowers - up to 4 cm||As a tapeworm on the lawn||Excellent resistance to powdery mildew. No Care Required|
|Klondike (Klondike)||Meter shrub, crown diameter of 1.3 m, green leaves, yellow flowers, flowering from May to August||Widespread use in the garden: alpine slides, hedges, flower beds, mixborders||Does not make high demands on care|
|Gilford Cream||Bush up to 60 cm tall, many leaves, large flowers, creamy||Rock gardens, rabatki, group plantings||Sunny areas with fertile soil, pruning in spring|
|Legend||Herbaceous plant up to 50 cm high, large, pink flowers||Looks spectacular in curbs, on stony hills||Photophilous plant, prefers loose soil, is resistant to frost|
|Karmen||Herbaceous perennial with red flowers. Bush height up to 60 cm|
Anywhere in the garden
Unpretentious plant, blooms all summer
|Goldstar (Goldstar)||Low bush, green leaves, yellow flowers, flowering||Looks great as a solitaire and in borders||Requires top dressing in summer and pruning in autumn|
|Kobold||Shrub stands up to 0.6 meters, dense crown||Suitable for single and group landings||Requires periodic cropping|
|Goldfinger||Low bush, up to 1.5 meters high, green leaves, yellowish flowers||The variety blooms beautifully, so it is well suited for planting in any part of the garden||Care does not require|
|Hachmann's Giant||Hybrid, height reaches 70 cm, leaves are yellowish||Landing single or in groups||The variety is undemanding to soil fertility.|
|Red Ace (Red Ace)||A bush with dense shoots, the diameter of the crown is up to 1.2 m||In rabatki, rock gardens||Prefers partial shade and high humidity|
|Tangerine||Bush with a rounded crown, grayish leaves, yellow flowers||Good option for scree and crevices||Affected by powdery mildew, otherwise requires no care|
|Floppy Disc||Compact bush, green leaves, pinkish flowers||For hedges, borders, compositions with other shrubs||Light soil, partial shade, or sun|
Features of landing of a cinquefoil
Planting of cinquefoil on the site is carried out in stages. First you need to choose the right place under the bush. It should be sunny, but it is better if the sun will actively shine on the plant only in the morning, otherwise the petals of the bushes will burn out. In partial shade, the cinquefoil may completely refuse to bloom.
The soil for the plant must be nutritious and loose. Experienced gardeners sow seeds directly to the garden. But for beginners, it is better to first grow seedlings. Landing is carried out from late February to late March.
Plant Care Rules
Care for the cinquefoil implies compliance with a number of rules. They are simple, only pruning can cause problems, but if you adapt, the plants will transform any garden plot.
Bloodroot: spring pruning (video)
Feeding and watering
Shingles tolerate drought, but in order to remain decorative, it is necessary to monitor how the soil "feels". To do this, water it at least once every 15 days. Wherein about 11 liters of water are introduced under each bush. She must be warm.
Grassy and other species of potentilla are fed immediately after planting with a frequency of 3 times per season. To do this, use a solution of mullein and ash, or complex mineral fertilizer. A good option is extracting vermicompost.
How to prepare for winter
The cultivation of cinquefoil also involves preparing it for winter. But this applies only to young seedlings. Them cover in advance with burlap before the onset of the cold season, otherwise the bushes will freeze. Over time, yellow and red cinquefoils become more frost-resistant.
How does plant propagation occur?
- In the garden, the bush is easiest to propagate by layering. For this, an escape is taken, cut and placed in the ground. They pin him, and when he takes root, they transplant him to a permanent place.
- Another method is propagation by cuttings. They are prepared since the spring: the lower leaves are removed, put in a solution of Kornevin. When a root is formed, the plant is rooted in the soil. It is important to cover it with a glass jar and periodically spray.
- You can get a potentilla from seeds. It is necessary to harvest them in the summer. First, the seeds are collected, then dried and laid out on paper bags. You can use them for several years. Planting seeds should be correct - just distribute them over the ridge, but do not cover the ground, otherwise they will not sprout.
- The cinquefoil can also give self-seeding. In this case, new small plants are carefully dug up and planted together on a specially prepared garden bed. After a couple of years, they can be planted in a permanent place.
- Hybrid, dwarf and other types of cinquefoil can also multiply by dividing the bush. In this case, the process is separated from the mother plant, and then moved to a permanent place.
Useful properties of cinquefoil
The cinquefoil is actively used not only in landscape design, but also in medicine. This is due to its beneficial properties. Using a plant, you can cure diseases such as:
- various types of colitis;
Among other things, a decoction of grass copes with cramps and suffocation. Also, a decoction from the plant helps to cure ulcerative stomatitis, in this case they gargle.
Features of the use of cinquefoil in landscape design
Perennial cinquefoil is actively used in decorative gardening. The scope of its application in this case depends on the variety. Typically, a plant is planted in mixborders or in groups.
Low pink, yellow and white cinquefoil look great in alpine hills and rockeries. In flower beds they can be combined with other plants. In some cases, in the open ground, cinquefoil is used to create hedges.
The best combinations of potentilla and other plants
What flower can become a neighbor of the cinquefoil? To mixborders and alpine slides looked like pictures, a five-leaf can be combined with:
The yellow bush looks great with hyssop and catnip. Plants with blue and white flowers will become his wonderful neighbors. In groups, cinquefoil can be combined with bulbs and cysticis, snowberry.
Kuril tea: useful properties (video)
The cinquefoil is not only an ornamental, but also a medicinal shrub, which is not particularly difficult to grow. And a huge number of varieties allows you to use it as a decor for various design ideas.